Snow Removal at Bar D

The snow is beautiful, and we need the water. However, it also makes it very hard to get back and forth.

The Bar D Board is still using the general policies from here:

Please also note, we have to keep safety in mind for equipment operators. Some of the basics for plowing include:

  • 8” or more is the general guideline.
  • Re-plowing because of drifting is limited.
  • Plowing when Hwy 285 is closed is not done.
  • Plowing is not done during storms.
  • Plowing at night is not done.
  • Plowing during high winds is not done.

Based on the experience of long-time residents, and years worth of wind data, the following plan is used for placement of the snow.

Snow Placement

Sept 5, 2020 Workday

We had an incredible turn out for today’s workday at the Bar D Ranch. Thanks to everyone that made it. 

We put in 17 rolls of snow fence, and gobs of t-posts. While we didn’t get as much work w1done as everyone wanted, we accomplished a great deal of work today, and we had a great time doing it.

Nineteen of the owners showed up, hammered in t-posts, lugged around rolls of snow fence, and stood it up. Several rolls went on South Park Drive, several rolls went up on w4Clark, and a couple went up along Bar D Road by the hill.

We hope the new snow fence helps reduce drifting in these key areas, and if it is effective, we will put up more snow fence this coming year.

While we hoped to deploy fencing in a couple of additional areas, we ran out of fencing and wire to tie the fencing up to the posts. We drove in some extra posts in areas where we will want to put in some more fencing in the future, though, to take advantage of the great turnout.

Again, thanks, everyone!

Water Wells–Cattle

A quick update on the cattle program. We had a couple of well issues that impacted the cattle.

Well by Lot 47 – This well had an issue with the float valve. The valve was shorted or stuck in a way that it did not let the pump for the well turn on. For the short term, we rewired the pump so that it was always on. We later replaced the float valve.

Well by Lot 33 – This well stopped pumping and several residents tried to troubleshoot it while we waited for a well pump company to evaluate it. Eventually, we concluded that the solar panel was not working properly, and it was replaced. The well pump is working again and water is being pumped for the cattle. Solar Panel

Many thanks to the residents that all stepped up and tried to help. Our appreciation goes out to:

  • Alan Thompson
  • Dave Walker
  • James Hileman
  • Jim Walton
  • Joshua Baker
  • Terry Pierce

We would also like to point out that Gene Cartwright, Lot 16, opened up his property so that the cattle could regain access to the springs in that area. Gene’s assistance is greatly appreciated. On a side note, Gene and Darlene just completed the sale of Lot 16, so there will be new owners at that property in the near future.

We have some great owners out here that do everything that they can to help the BDOA!

Equipment Keys

Multiple owners have requested an update regarding the status of the equipment keys. They have been returned.

We thank everyone for their patience, and we hope to start road maintenance work in the near future.

Bar D Board Meeting Minutes–7/3/2020

BAR D Board Meeting Minutes

Where: Lot 94

When: July 3, 2020



In person Meeting was held by the board. This has been the first meeting since our annual Association meeting due to the COVID Pandemic [Meeting Minutes- Attachment 1]. The meeting was held outside.

Reason for Meeting

Our current primary equipment operator, Greg Hewitt, has refused to sign or discuss signing an equipment operation agreement between himself and the BDOA or return the only key to the BDOA owned road grader until a meeting is held to remove the current President, Russ Kaufmann, who was just elected in January 2020. The Minutes summarize our discussion on this issue and provide some documentation. Our purpose was to communicate this issue for the Homeowners.


Stephen Winkler – Treasurer

Russ Kaufmann – President

Celeste Jain – Member at Large, Road Committee Chair

Daphne Patton – Secretary

Alan Thompson was not in attendance as he resigned earlier this year.

Mr. Hewitt’s Position

1. Mr. Hewitt fells strongly that he has been wronged by the president and wants him removed.

2. Mr. Hewitt is working on a petition for this removal and wants the Board to set up an emergency meeting to remove Russ.

3. Mr. Hewitt will not sign the proposed operator agreement that the Board requires to continue operating BDOA owned equipment on behalf of the BDOA [Operator Agreement- Attachment 2]. Additionally, he will not work with the Board to redline the agreement to make it something that he is willing to sign.

4. Mr. Hewitt will not return the keys to the BDOA owned equipment.

5. Mr. Hewitt has stated he believes he should have complete authority over the equipment and road work.

6. Mr. Hewitt has refused to log hours for the BDOA equipment (Backhoe and Road Grader) as defined in the Agreement.

Board’s Position

1. The Board feels strongly that any amounts paid by the BDOA to a contractor that uses BDOA owned equipment must have an accompanying agreement.

2. The Board needs to have a signed agreement with Mr. Hewitt, or any operator of the equipment owned by the members of the association. This was conveyed in a letter sent on April 30, 2020 that stated we cannot pay a contractor unless we have a written agreement between the Association and the Contractor. [Letter to Mr Hewitt- Attachment 3]. Additionally, if Mr. Hewitt is elected, he cannot be paid per the Bylaws, Paragraph 6, section d. (i.e. he is a contractor).

3. The Board, with input and recommendation from the Road Committee, has been elected to determine how the BDOA funds will be spent each year (including Hourly Labor Charges by Mr. Hewitt). Mr. Hewitt was paid $15,956.50 by the BDOA for this last winter season, without an agreement in place. It was during this time that the Board determined an agreement was necessary between any operator and the BDOA in order to ensure expectations by both parties were outlined and agreed upon

4. The Board will not hold a special meeting as previously stated in the April 30th letter. We feel strongly that this should be resolved at the Annual Meeting in January 2021 and the fact that Mr. Hewitt will not return the keys to BDOA property should not force a change.

5. The Board will follow the Covenants and Bylaws to remove any Board member. This requires the affirmative votes of more than 56 Lots. If this “Vote” is done by Mr. Hewitt through a petition, the Secretary will need to verify with the >56 owners that this is their intention. [Covenants– Attachment 4].


The Board hopes for a resolution soon so we can get to the work of getting the roads in shape for winter. Anyone who has a suggestion or can help please send them to our email address (

[Meeting Minutes- Attachment 1].

[Operator Agreement- Attachment 2].

[Letter to Mr Hewitt- Attachment 3].

[Covenants- Attachment 4].

Cattle Arrival

It is that time of year again, when the cattle get here. As usual, please remember to be respectful of the rancher and his herd. They help us out in many ways, just as we help. It Cows2is a great situation.

We expect to see the cattle be brought in two loads with delivery between May 14th and May 17th. The loads should be two days apart.

Please, do not harass the cattle, give them plenty of leeway on the roads, and, again, treat them with respect.

Park County Assessors Office Notice

As the Colorado “Stay-At-Home” order is lifted and Park County Offices are opened to the public, my office will be returning to modified operation. This includes appraisal staff returning to field work to verify sales or new construction for the 2020 reappraisal statutory deadline. In order to keep staff and citizens safe, social distancing procedures will be as follows:

  • Staff will be in a county marked vehicle 
  • Staff will wear masks/face shields and badges that identify themselves as appraisers for Park County 
  • Staff will only be on the outside of the home, they will take measurements and photos for our files. 
  • Instead of knocking on the door or ringing the doorbell, staff will honk their horn to notify homeowners that they are outside their home. 
  • Business cards (usually placed on front doors) will be placed under a door mat or on a vehicle windshield 
  • It is requested that homeowners stay inside their homes to maintain social distancing

Staff are available through email at, their direct email or phone number on their card or by the general office number 719.836.4331 and are happy to discuss questions homeowners may have. I appreciate your cooperation and apologize for the inconvenience.

Thank you,

Monica Jones

Park County Assessor

2020 Dues Update

Thank you to the Bar D Owners Association (BDOA) members that paid their dues on time this year.

This year, we only had ten owners fail to pay their dues on time. Since then, one more owner has paid their dues with the proper late fees.

Please note, we are not able to properly file Letters of Agency for properties that are in arears. The latest we can possibly file LOAs to ensure that owners receive the proper agricultural discount is by the end of April. We really hate to see owner’s lose their Ag exemption and get charged higher property tax rates by Park County.

We also, absolutely hate to have to file lien paperwork with Park County if we do not receive dues according to the terms of the Covenants and Bylaws. The paperwork takes considerable time on part of the board, and removing liens also takes a significant effort.

Please make sure to get dues sent in.

Thank you,

Your Board

Why Do We Need the BDOA?

In recent years, we have heard several people ask why we should even have a Bar D Owners Association.

Aggregation of Resources

The BDOA can collect resources and pool them on behalf of the owners. For example,

  • Dues – The power to assess, collect, and spend monies collected from owners.
  • Cattle Lease – The ability to contract with a rancher to lease out owners’ land and use the money collected to benefit the owners.


Without the BDOA, there would be no legal entity that can be held accountable to enforce the Covenants and Bylaws and to lead projects to improve our roads and the roads leased by the BDOA.


Without the BDOA, we would not be able to contract with outside entities. For example:

  • Cattle grazing rights
  • Road right of ways from BLM
  • Road right of ways from State Forestry
  • Purchase of fuel, and other needed resources
  • Purchase of services such as equipment rental and maintenance of BDOA equipment
  • Road use agreements with individuals not part of the BDOA

Engage with Government Agencies

The BDOA is able to work with multiple different Government agencies on behalf of the owners. For example:

  • Negotiate agricultural discounts for property taxes
  • Work with Parks and Wildlife to control hunting
  • Lease land from the State Forestry service for recreational use
  • Lease road right of ways from the BLM and State Forestry
  • Maintain records required for different Government Agencies


If we did not have the BDOA, we as individuals, would not be able to:

  • Collect and use funds to maintain roads and perimeter fencing
  • Contract with vendors for services
  • Keep our current Cattle Grazing contract
  • Contract with a rancher in the future
  • Keep our Agricultural status and would have increased property taxes
  • Keep our leased roads and right of ways
  • Keep exclusive recreational use of the lands we lease

Most importantly, our property values would decrease, tremendously, and the ability to sell properties would be significantly reduced because lending agencies require documented access to properties.

How Snow Drifting Works–A Primer

Snow drifting is a major concern at the Bar D Ranch, and we fight with it every year. This post will discuss some of the science around snow drifting, how to minimize drifting, and our plans this year to try to minimize future problems in coming years.

We are lucky in that we have some residents that have lived on the Bar D Ranch for 20+ years, and they understand the drifting issues. However, most of them are incredibly frustrated because nobody will listen to them and learn how snow drifting works, based on our prevailing winds. This post, will, hopefully, make it a bit clearer to everyone that owns property at the Bar D Ranch.

The Science

Let’s start with the basic science.

Wind has a load capacity of what it can carry when it comes to snow. The higher the wind speed, the greater its carrying capacity.

In an ideal situation, with all land being flat, the wind will pick up snow and carry it along without dropping any more than it would pick up along the way. However, we do not have an ideal situation at the Bar D Ranch.

When wind, with its snow load, encounters an obstacle, it experiences turbulence. The loaded wind faces a compression zone (the area upwind of the obstacle)  and a decompression zone (the area downwind of the obstacle). In both cases, the wind is disrupted, loses some speed, and drops some of its load.

SnowDriftWyoming (2)If you think of a snow fence as an obstacle, you can see that, depending on its height, snow will drop on the upwind side, but the vast majority of it will drop on the downwind side.

In the drawing, at the right, if the snow fence is 4’ high, then you can expect some snow to drop on the upwind side, up to 60’ before the fence, and you can expect most of the disrupted snow to fall on the downwind side, up to 136’ after the fence. These numbers are based on the snow fence having 50% porosity to allow the wind to pass through and disrupting it just enough to cause the vast majority of its load to drop on the downwind side.

A solid fence, or a wall of some kind, for example, will have a different result. Using the SnowDriftFenceSolidsame height, you could expect drifting out to 48’ on both the upwind and downwind side.

Clearly, walls are not as good at controlling where the snow drops, as the wind is disrupted.


Snow drifts can be managed, to a large extent, by placing snow fencing well upwind of a road, say about 140-150’, so that the wind is able to drop its load before the road. As an added benefit, the wind, stripped of its load, can pick up snow that might exist on the road.

All plowed snow should be put on the downwind side of the road, off of the road a good bit, as that snow that is left as a berm acts like a wall.

Ideal Road Configuration and Plowing

What we would like to see for our roads and our plowing is a situation like this drawing provided by Jim Halpin.


In this drawing, the wind will blow the snow over the road. Once it is deep enough, which would be more than the 4” shown, the snow should be plowed so that the resulting berm is n the downwind side.

The berm, at this point, is similar to a wall, and the wind, with its load of snow, will drop some of it in the compression zone and some of it in the decompression zone.

The Problem We Face

When this year started, the grader was not available, and roads were cleared using the backhoe. Because of this, snow was not all moved downwind, and we ended up with berms on both sides of the road. Drawing, also provided by Jim Halpin.


Considering these berms as walls, that would mean if the berm is 12” high, then it will cause drifts of about 12’ out onto the road for the upwind berm, and the downwind berm will cause the same amount on its upwind side.

As the berms grew in size, on each side, the wind would drop its load on both sides of both berms, and we got drifts as illustrated in red in the above picture.

Two Solutions

The problem could have been corrected by either:

  • Moving the snow away from the upwind berm so that it is on the downwind side.
  • Moving the snow in the upwind berm way out into the fields on the upwind side so it acts as a solid wall and provides a 50/50 split on its upwind and downwind sides well away from the road.

New Problem – Mud

Well, it isn’t really a new problem, in that we see this every year, but the melting snow is now melting onto the roads and causing lots of mud. This is a significant issue on Clark, for example, where snow was placed upwind, and uphill. As the uphill berms melt, the water flows directly onto Clark.

This year, though, we have even more snow stacked up alongside all of the roads, and the amount of mud is worse than in the past, and it will not be alleviated until all of the snow is gone and the roads have a chance to dry out.

This Spring/Summer Plan

A large amount of snow fence, and fence posts will be ordered and placed in several locations to reduce drifting on our roads.

This serves a couple of purposes:

  • Reducing the drifts on our roads, obviously
  • Capturing the snow so it melts into our water basins


About Snow Drifts

Basics of Blizzards and Snowdrift Control

Controlling Blowing and Drifting Snow

Controlling Snow Drifts

Optimization of Snow Drifting Mitigation and Control Methods

Snow Drift Control

Snow Fence Guide

Wind and Snow Control Around the Farm